Saalfelden am Steinernen Meer lies at 744 m above sea level and its municipal area covers 118 km2. The largest proportion of the municipality is formed by the Saalfelden Basin (Saalfeldner Becken) which nestles between: • the Steinernes Meer to the north • the Leoganger Steinberge and the Biberg to the west • and the Hochkönig Massif and the Dienten Mountains to the east. To the south the basin is generally open, running into the Zell Basin (Zeller Becken) with the lake of the Zeller See and the River Salzach – hence the term Zell-Saalfelden Basin Zeller-Saalfeldener Becken is also used for the whole valley – and enables a view of the High Tauern, especially the Kitzsteinhorn and the Wiesbachhorn. The two basins are separated by a barely discernable valley floor divide. This trough is one of the largest inner-Alpine basins. The main river in the basin is the Saalach. This rises in the upper Glemmtal, empties into the basin south of Saalfelden and passes through it from south to north. The right tributary of the Saalach flowing through the borough of Saalfelden from east to west is the Urslau. Its left tributary, the Leoganger Ache, empties into the Saalach from the west. In addition there are several smaller tributary streams. In the centre of the basin is the Kitzbichl (Kitzbühel) hill which is a good 100 m high. The only lake in the expansive basin is the man-made Ritzensee, excavated for leisure purposes. Other artificial ponds have been laid out primarily for angling and tourism.